BHAKTAPUR DURBAR HERITAGE SITE
Popular for its religious, culture and historical heritage, Bhaktapur is also known as Bhadgaun. This city, rich in ancient arts, religious values, fabulous cultural traditions, architectural masterpieces and ancient sculptures, is also known as an open museum. Morever, the city is also famous as a city of gods. Bhaktapur has a cluster of temples, pagodas, monuments, courtyard, squares. traditional houses, artistic stones, taps, also Buddhist shrines and monasteries built in different times of the history. The existing civilization charcterized with Newai life style and their fabulous traditons and rituals reflected in the day to day activities is the main point of attraction for fireigners visiting this city. Tourists generally notice a marked uniquenss in the festivals, culture events and Newari traditions observed by the people of Bhaktapur. This beautiful and clean city teemed with architectural masterpieces, artistic temple and shrines and ancient aintings, has been able to preserve in historicla identity and civilization. It is famous as a main destination for domestic as well as international tourists. Though Bhaktapur is the smallest district of Nepal, it is rich in terms of its varied tourist attraction.
Listed as a world heritage site by the UNESCO, Bhaktapur offers its visitors the opportunity to closely study ancient architecture, arts and culture of Lichhavi and Malla rereigns. Five storied temple, Bhaktapur durbar Square, CHANGUNARYAN TEMPLE, 55 Windows Durbar, (Palace) Dattatraya area and Siddhapokhari are the main attractions of can easily come to notice Newari Language, arts culture and costumes.
Renowned for Juju Dhau (King sweet curd), clay pots and wood carving astistry. Bhaktapur has earned a worldwide reputation as a unique city. foreign tourist have to pay entry fee to visit this historical city which lies at a distance of 10 km from Kathmandu.
Durbar Square (World Heritage Site). This former royal palace complex offers the elegant 15th-century Palace of 55 Windows, artistic courtyards, the Golden Gate, a masterpiece in repousse art, and an entrancing medley of pagoda temples scattered all over.
1. BHAKTAPUR DURBAR SQUARE(4 min by walk – 270m north)
The most important of all the tourist sites in bhaktapur, Bhaktapur Durbar Square is renowned as one of the most attractive destination for Nepali as well as international tourists. The area is called “Layaku” in Newari language. Ancient temples and shrines, sculptures and historical heritage sites constructed in different eras carry the identity of this city.Highlights of the ancients Nepali art like golden gate, 55 Window Temple, Statue of bhupatindara Malla, Museum, Krishna Temple. Big Beel, dog Barking Bell, Siddhilaxmi Temple, Taleju bhagwati Temple etc can be observed in one place here. this durbar square is also a hub for local residents to get some refreshment after fatigue and to stroll around to have some fun time. This place can sasily be reached through different parts of Bhaktapur. Foreigners have to pay an entry fee to visit this tourist destination.
2.NYATAPOL DEVAL – Five Storied Temple(2 min by walk – 120m east)
The tallest and most impressive pagoda styled temple of Nepal, Nyatapol is situated at word number 11 of Bhaktapur Municipality. This beautiful temple made of clay bricks and wood, is considered one of the finest architectural masterpieces of Nepal. Inside the temple, an idol of deity. Siddhilaxmi, who is the manifestation of wealth, has been installed. it is said that the temple survived the ravage of the major earthquake in1933 (Excedpt some monor damge to the celiling of the fifth floor)
This huge temple was built by King Bhupatindra Malla during the 16th century. According to the follore, the King himself had carried bricks like a laborer for the construction of the temple. Struts, doors and windown of the temple are embellished with attractively carved divine figures portraying divine stories. It is believed that the elephant above the stroung man standing on the front is ten times powerful than the man and it contubyes as deoucted there, Thus, the temple clearly prtrays creative traditionb of Newar craftsmen.
3. 55 WINDOWS PALACE(4 min by walk – 270m north
The 55 windows palace is one of the most imprtant work of art in Bhaktapur Durbar Square. the three storied palace has a gracious setting and beautifully carved sculptureal designs on windows and doors. The palace was built by King Bhupaindra Malla in the 17th century. It has a goden gate and small temples within its premises, popular as an ornament of Bhaktapur all over the world.
Bedecked with different cultural art workds, this palace is popular as an attractive destination not only for foreign tourists but also for domestic tourists. the palace received its name from its 55 Windows decorated with masterpiece of wood carving.
4.POTTERY SQUARE(2 min by walk – 100m WEST)
Pottery Square is one of the beautiful touist sites of Bhaktapur. the square is famous for artistically shaped potteries made out of clay. Tourists love to see potteries made of clay before their eyes. Tourists to not miss the visit of pottery square. They take pains to reach the square and take lots of photos. It is lovely sight to see the earthenwares made with raw clay by hand or in wheels. Some tourists even move the wheels for a momorable experience. The Prajapati caste have been a part of this oldest occupation of Bhaktapur since the ancient Malla times. The local pots are of the oinion that made from clay are good for the health. Juddha shumsher of Rana Regime used to eat things made only in clay pots. there is also a saying that Juddha Shamsher even took clay made pots during his visit to Great Britain. there are also recent storeis about old people eating things cooked in clay made pots. Taluko is the name of Pottery square lying very close to historical Five-Storey Tmeple of Bhaktapur. Once historical story is popular here which says that Taluko was believed to be an unholy place and unfir for human habitation. it was belienved that during Malla times Aachhaje made a study to establish Dampho of Taluka or Gorakhnath Temple to make it fir for residentional purpose. pottery Square is at distance of 200 m from the Five-Storey Temple.
5.THE TEMPLE OF BHAIRAVNATH(2 min by walk – 120m east)
The temple of Bhairavnath is a famous ancient temple lying close to historical Five-Storey Temple. the temple has the idols of bhairavnath and God Betame. There is a popular legend regarding the location of this temple. The story says that Lingo Festival was very famous in Bhaktapur in the ancient days and even the God Bhairav of Kashi made a visit to Bhaktapur to observe the festival in the guise of a man. The king on learning the visit of Bhairav commanded his misisters and Aachaju (People with knowledge of necromancy) to catch him and keep him in the city. Aachaju while looking for bhairav using his magic saw his head taller than other people. As Bhairav tried to escape, sinking himself on the land, his head was cut by sickle. Late it is believed that aachaju was full of remorse for cutting the head of bairav and through his magic he got the head of Bhairav placed in the temple to begin the worship. That is way, it is velieved that Bhairav has got his torso in Kashi, India and head in Nepal. The local elderly people say that the roof of Five-Storey Temple got damaged and the whole temple of bhairav lollapese in th disastrous earthquake of 1933 AD. The present temple of Bhairav was built only after 1933 AD. There is a tradition of celebrating the festival by pulling the grand chariot with the idol of Bhairav four days before the end of Chaitra. this festival is one of the main festival of Bhaktapur.
6.THE PEACOCK WINDOW(11 min by walk – 850m east)
The Peacock Window is one of the popular tourist destinations situated in Dattararya of Bhaktapur. It was built in the 15th century by the king Yaksha Malla and has attractive artistice design. the Peacock Window is located in the second floor of Pujari shrine near the main temple of Dattatraya. it is the largest shrine among the several present in Bhaktapur. Soldiers and Royal officials close to the King Haksha used to live there. One can observe many kinds of artistic shapes in this historical shrine. Each and every window and door here has got different artistic design which is the main feature of this buiding. it is believed that carpenters involved in the construction of this shrine might have competed with each other. The entire woodwork used in the building belonged to the 15 century. The bricks used in the shrine were rep;laced as the previous ones got destryoed in the earthquake. Peacock is a beautiful and wild bird. Hindus worship peacock as the vehicle of God Kumar whereas Buddhists as the vehicle of Abhitav Buddha. Peacocks dance on a lovely that whoever watches the dance of peacock will have favourable and fruitful time. that is why a peacick window might have been built during the regime of Yaksha Malla so that time will famour the town’s people. this building is a museum of ancients handicrafts and paintings for a close observation with a fixed fee for the public. the museum remains closed on Tuesday and Public Holidays.
7.DATTRATRAYA TEMPLE(11 min by walk – 850m east)
Dattratraya Temple was built by King Yaksha Malla and this huge temple of three main Hindu lords, Brahma, Bhshunu and Maheshwor is considered the most ancient of all the temples in Bhaktapur. Decorated with diverse artistic sculptures, the temple is surrounded by the peacock window. bhimsen’s temple and ancient styled temples of different deities.
During the period from mid- july to mid-August, the Hindu women devotees throung the temple. volunteers gerenrally have hard time to amnage the crowd of devotees at the temple. Renowned as a good tourist destination, the temple lies at five minutes waling distance from Chayamhasigh of Bhaktapur and the five storeid temple and Durbar Square is also situated within10 minutes walking distance from this temple.